The concepts behind music therapy are in short can be summarized
1) music which would pacify finally leading to sleep or pacifier & sedative 2) Music that will stimulate or make one alert active end of these wound be war music ! This means one which stimulates sympathetic system & other which stimulates Parasympathetic system ! In Indian Music There are Odav Ragas which can be called pantatonic scale music further Shadav Ragas which would have six tones & Sampoorn (Complete) ragas or having full seven tones. It appears Odav or Pentatonic ones would be preferable as it will haves lesser scope for mistakes of commission & omission producing precise effects There would be pairs of Ragas with opposite effects like (1 & 2) 1) Bhoop – Sa , Re , Ga ,Pa ,Dha , octave Sa ( CDEGA & octave C ) 2) Malkauns – Sa , Ko.Ga, Ma , Ko Dha, Ko Ni ,Octava Sa ( C D# F ,G#, A#,Octave C ) Best part is These two Ragas are just one semitone difference in tones like ” C D-D# , E-F, G-G#, & A-A# Octave C ” Yet effect is exact opposite ! Same way 1) Kalyaan – Sa , Re ,Ga, Ma teevra , Pa, Dha, Ni , O , Sa ( C ,D,E,F# G,A, B & octave C ) 2) Bhairavi – Sa,Ko Re, Ko.Ga, Ma, Pa, Ko,Dha, Ko Ni, Sa ( C ,C#,D#,F,G,G#,A# & Octave C Best part again These two Ragas are just one semitone difference in tones (Except C & G) like ” C D-C#, E-D, F-F#, A-G#, & B-A# Octave C ” Yet effect is exact opposite !
In This way One can find out & even form opposite pairs with opposite effects … Simplest being Singing the scale in Aroha or Avaroha ( Upscale or Downscale pattern Aroha Sa – Re – Ga – Ma – Pa – Dha – Ni – Sa ( C -D- E- F- G- A- B- C Octave ) Avaroha Sa – Ni – Dha – Pa – Ma – Ga – Re – Sa (Octave C -B- A- G- F- E- D – C ) This will have Opposite effects So usually advocated to sing alternately & called Lehra which means the one which helps in removing dysfunctions in laya ( So Le hra Le for Lay Hra for har or defeat here…. defeating the defect… this singing has great importance in Indian singing tutions ) it is supposed to correct your defects in tones ! & If we learn our ABC properly then we become happy this is taught in English from lullaby rhymes ! Indicating the importance of tones & health !
Only Listening to good music also has beneficial effects There are two types of Music described One is called Soor Sangeet & Other called Aasuri Sangeet … Soor Sangeet limits the tones Aasoori sangeet is all inclusive …. to control self emotions & actions after listening to Aasoori Sangeet is difficult than soor sangeet ! So it is more useful for treatment.
Taal or Rhythm has further effect on treatment Slow rhythms tends to pacify faster rhythms are known to excite with medium rhythms balancing effects ! these can be added according to requirements ! This is in short Approach to treatments ! For further details one needs to contact experts…..